Land fire is a hot topic in mid-2019 and is the largest fire that has occurred after 2015. There’s a lot of discussion about the causes of forest and land fires. Differences of opinion through different perspectives have sprung up starting from the side of the government, the public as well as the disadvantaged corporation. The government considers this to be a disaster that happens every year and there is no clear point on the root of the problem.
Government statements will form public opinion. Media that deliver information also plays a crucial role in this regard. Many people blame the government. As for those who blame the corporations like some plantations and also many who argue that this is simply a natural disaster caused by a heatwave due to El Nino. How come?
Forests and burning land have the characteristic of peat soils. Peat soil is a water-saturated soil formed from the deposition of remnants of decayed plant tissue so that it reaches a thickness of 50 cm (Indonesian National Standard Design-R-SNI, National Certification Agency, 2013). Peat soils have the characteristic of being able to bind large amounts of water, but certain conditions make peat soils very easy to lose water content. At the level of macro water storage in peat soils, evaporation will very easily occur. In this process, water loss will very easily occur and automatically the peat soil will be very dry. The abundant content of organic matter in peat soil illustrates the amount of carbon content (C-organic) so that in long dry conditions, hot and dry air can ignite a fire that triggers a fire.
Determination of groundwater level on peat lands is regulated in Peraturan Menteri No. 337 Tahun 2017 concerning Procedures for Measuring Groundwater in Peat Ecosystem Arrangement Points. Article 5 of the Ministerial Regulation states that there are two ways to measure groundwater levels, namely manual and automatic. In that article, manual measurements of groundwater levels can be done using a measuring rod, whereas automatic measurements are carried out using a data logger.
The role of groundwater data collection using IoT Water Level will be very important when compared with manual measurement. The existence of IoT Water Level technology allows measurement of groundwater level everyday. IoT Water Level can be adjusted according to land conditions. The use of IoT Water Level can increase operational efficiency by up to 30%. A practical way to find groundwater level data only through a user’s mobile or PC.